Did you know ATP is essential to skin health?

In human skin, ATP plays a central role in cell proliferation, cell integrity, cell signaling, production of trophic factors, maintenance of the extracellular matrix, oxygen radical formation and reduction, and maintenance of the transdermal barrier.

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Cell Proliferation

All three layers of the skin are constantly undergoing cell turnover, which means the cells are being replaced via mitosis (or cell division). During mitosis, cells make copies of the DNA inside of the nucleus so that when the cell divides there is an identical cell. The process of DNA production requires ATP as a critical component of the DNA helix, but also for the assembly of the helix itself. Mitotic spindles are accessory structures to mitosis and require ATP for their production. Once the cell divides, organelles inside of the cell also require ATP for their production.

Cell Integrity

All skin cells are constantly trying to maintain homeostasis, which is a requirement for life. Cells have to be able to adapt to changes in their environment, otherwise they are susceptible to damage. Skin cells especially are under constant threats to homeostasis by oxygen radicals, UV damage, chemicals applied to the skin, and physical damage. ATP is the central player in maintaining homeostasis. ATP is used to maintain ion balance across cell membranes, produce proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids to counteract damage.

Cell Signaling

All skin cells are constantly sending out messages to other cells and also sending messages inside of cells to control structure and function. ATP plays a key role in cell-to-cell signaling by production of the signaling molecules and also the vectors that sometimes encloses the signaling molecule. In internal cell signaling, ATP plays a key role in the phosphorylation of proteins and enzymes that control molecular pathways.

Production of Trophic Factors

Cells that reside within the skin produce trophic factors (growth factors, mitotic factors, cytokines, chemokines) that are responsible for controlling cell growth.

Maintenance of the Extracellular Matrix

In healthy skin, there are proteins and proteoglycans that are produced by fibroblasts and other cells that help maintain the structure and suppleness of skin. Fibroblasts make two central proteins in the skin architecture; collagen and elastin. The balance of these two proteins is determined by the levels of ATP in the skin. As the skin ages, it begins to lose mitochondria as a result of decreased dermal blood flow, thus reducing the production of ATP.

As we age, this decrease in fibroblast ATP levels affects the turnover of collagen and elastin, resulting in a shift towards more collagen and less elastin. This transition leads to the skin losing tone and becoming wrinkled.

Oxygen Radical Formation and Reduction

Skin cells use oxidative phosphorylation to produce large quantities of ATP. However, the production of ATP by this mechanism results in the production of an oxygen radical. In normal skin, the radical is reduced by antioxidants, but in aged skin the ability to capture the radicals is reduced and damage occurs. Applying ATP topically decreases the reliance on oxidative phosphorylation. Furthermore, ATP is important in the production of antioxidants.

Maintenance of the Transdermal Barrier

The epidermis of the skin helps control water loss, and to prevent substances and microorganisms from entering the body. The kertinization of epidermal cells and transition from living cells to fully kertinized cells requires ATP. ATP is involved in the production of keratin and ATP is involved in the degradation of internal structures of the cell that are removed to as the cell keratinizes.

We have patented a way to deliver ATP to cells through the use of liposomes.

Liposomes have been used as cellular delivery systems for decades. Lipids have an ability to encapsulate molecules, while also having an ability to permeate membranes. Our unique formula allows for a quick and efficient delivery system of ATP to cells.

Our energy delivery technology was patented in 2006.

We've compiled research citing our technology and skin healing.

Frequently Asked Questions

How does ATP permeate skin?

ATP is a water soluble substance and does not penetrate intact skin. In order to allow ATP to penetrate the skin, it is encapsulated in small lipid vesicles. These lipid vesicles can move between skin cells to penetrate deep within the skin. Once the lipid vesicle reaches its destination it releases the ATP to the cells.

How quickly is delivered ATP available to cells?

The penetration of lipid vesicles containing ATP can take minutes to hours before it is available for skin cells. Once the lipid vesicle reaches its target cell, the ATP is used within seconds.

What problem does your product solve?

As we age, there is a decrease in blood flow to the skin. This decrease causes changes in the skin’s proteins resulting in sagging and wrinkles. By maintaining ATP levels to the skin, these changes are decreased. Furthermore, maintaining ATP levels in the skin allows for other cells and important structures to be produced.

SKIN | ATP is here.

Introducing our skincare line made with natural ingredients + ATPv.

ATP has become a trendy ingredient in skincare, but the problem with other skincare lines is that ATP as a stand-alone ingredient does not penetrate intact skin. In order to get ATP to penetrate the skin, we have encapsulated ATP into small lipid vesicles. Our technology, ATPv, is a one-of-a-kind ingredient that allows the benefits of ATP to be experienced in the skin.

→ Go to SKINATP.com

Interested in becoming a stockist of SKIN | ATP in your clinic or retail shop? Please complete the form below or email us at customercare@skinatp.com.